A series of high profile corruption cases in the private and public sectors has highlighted the urgent need to confront corruption in Europe. Corruption undermines good governance, the rule of law and fundamental human rights. It cheats citizens, harms the private sector and distorts fi nancial markets. Seventy eight per cent of Europeans surveyed for the EU Commission’s 2009 Eurobarometer believed that corruption was a major problem for their country. This report is part of a pan-European anti-corruption initiative, supported by the DG Home Affairs of the European Commission. The initiative looks to assess systematically the National Integrity Systems (NIS) of 25 European States, and to advocate sustainable and effective reform, as appropriate, in different countries. The National Integrity System assessment approach used in this report provides a framework for analysing the effectiveness of a country’s institutions in preventing and fighting corruption. A well-functioning NIS safeguards against corruption and contributes to the larger struggle against abuse of power, malfeasance and misappropriation in all its forms. When the NIS institutions are characterised by appropriate regulations and accountable behaviour, corruption is less likely to thrive, with positive knock-on effects for the goals of good governance, the rule of law and the protection of fundamental human rights. Strengthening the NIS promotes better governance across all aspects of society and, ultimately, contributes to a more just society overall.
Transparency International Hungary publishes its second NIS country report after the 2007 NIS on the Public Sector and the 2008 Business Sector study. Hence we have the opportunity not only to provide a picture regarding the current status of the integrity system but to see if and how the pillars might have changed since the previous reports as far as the fight against corruption is concerned. The NIS country report 2011 addresses 13 “pillars” or institutions believed to make up the integrity system of the country.